SSC MTS Tier 2 Important Topics for Descriptive Paper

SSC MTS Tier 2 Important Topics for Descriptive Paper

SSC MTS Tier 2 Important Topics for Descriptive Paper,In this post all important topics of Essay and Letter writing for the Tier 2 (Descriptive Paper) of the SSC MTS (Non-Technical) are given that can be asked. Start preparing for these topics by clicking on the below link:

SSC MTS Tier-2 (Descriptive) Important Topics, Previous Paper and Study Materials (Essay+ Letters) Download PDF

Paper -II:

SubjectMaximumMarksTotal Duration / Timing for General candidatesTotal Duration/ Timing for VisuallyHandicapped/Cerebral Palsy candidates
Short Essay/Letter  in English or any language included in the 8th schedule of the Constitution.5030 minutes45 minutes

1. Paper-II will only be of qualifying nature and is intended to test elementary language skills in view of recategorization of the post as Group-C and in view of job requirements.
2. Paper-II will be held only for such candidates who meet the cut-off in Paper-I for different categories.
3. In Paper-II (descriptive) the candidate have to write short essay/letter in English or any language included in the 8th schedule of the Constitution.

How to write letter in Hindi for SSC MTS descriptive Examination


Candidates will be shortlisted for the Paper-II on the basis of their performance in Paper-I. Paper-II will only of qualifying nature. The cut-offs in Paper-I and qualifying marks in Paper-II may different for vacancies in each State/UT. Candidates for each State/UT will be finally selected based on their performance in Paper-I, subject to their meeting basic qualifying standards fixed in Paper-II.

Important Topics for Essay Writing Topics for MTS Tier II:

Important government schemes for essay writing are given below:

1. Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana – Saubhagya (प्रधान मंत्री सहज बिजली हर घर योजना – सौभाग्य)
2. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (प्रधान मंत्री आवास योजना)
3. Digital India (डिजिटल इंडिया)
4. Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY) – Skills in Line with International Standards (प्रवासी कौशल विकास योजना)
5. UDAN Scheme (उडान योजना)
6. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (स्वच्छ भारत अभियान)
7. Make in India (मेक इन इंडिया)
8. Startup India/stand up India (स्टार्टअप इंडिया)
9. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (बेटी बचाओ बेटी पढ़ाओ)
10. Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (प्रधान मंत्री जन-धन योजना)

Other important topics:

1. Corruption (भ्रष्टाचार)
2. Women Empowerment (महिला सशक्तिकरण)
3. Reservation in educational institutions (शैक्षणिक संस्थानों में आरक्षण)
4. Right to privacy (निजिता का अधिकार)
5. The Kashmir Issue (कश्मीर मुद्दा)
6. The GST bill (जी. एस. टी.)
7. Cashless economy (नकदहीन अर्थव्यवस्था)
8. Surgical Strike (सर्जिकल स्ट्राइक)
9. Earthquake (भूकंप)

Essay Writing tips for SSC MTS

Digital India

Digital India is a project started by the government of India on 1st of July, 2015 (from 1st to 7th of July as digital week) in order to transform India into a complete digitally empowered as well as knowledgeable country of the world. This project is interconnected by the various governmental departments such as IT, education, agriculture, etc in order to achieve promising bright returns. It is headed and planned by the ministry of communications and information technology. It is like golden opportunity for India when got implemented properly. In the very starting of the project launch, there was a plan by the state government to make available high speed internet connection in almost 250,000 villages and other residential areas of the country. The crucial role played by the “Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL)” in this project is really appreciable.

In the digital India there would be easy digitization of data which will help in making things much more efficient and fast in the future. It will reduce paper work, save man power and save time as well. This project will take a speed by tying the knot between government and private sectors. Huge number of villages interconnected with high speed network will really undergo a huge change from backward regions to complete digitally equipped areas. All the cities, towns and villages in India will get more tech savvy. This project has been planned to be completed by 2019 with the investment of leading companies.

High demand of good governance and online services will make available all the services in real time through digitization. Digitally transformed services will also promote people for doing online business by making financial transactions easy, electronic and cashless.

Udaan Scheme

UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik) is a scheme meant for the common man who dreams of flying at an affordable price. It is an initiative by the government to connect the country’s under-served and unserved airports. Under the Centre’s Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS), five airlines have won bids to operate on 128 routes which will be connecting 70 airports. While under-served airports are those which do not have more than a flight a day, unserved airports are those where there are no operations.

The scheme has two components. The First component is to develop new and enhance the existing regional airports to increase the number of operational airports to at least 150 airports (by December 2018) with regular scheduled flights. The Second component is to add several hundred financially-viable capped-airfare new regional flight routes to connect more than 100 underserved and unserved airports in smaller towns with each other as well as with well served airports in bigger cities by using “Viability Gap Funding” (VGF) where needed.

While the scheme attempts to tackle the issue of ghost airports, it also allows for reduction in travelling expenses. 50 per cent seats on each flight will come at Rs 2,500 per seat for one-hour travel. The operators will also be extended viability gap funding which will be operational for three years from the date of starting operations in a specific UDAN route.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) on October 2, 2014, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The ambitious programme aims to make the streets, roads and infrastructure across the country clean by October 02, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation. It is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive.

One of the major causes of lack of cleanliness in the country is open defecation. It refers to a practice whereby people go out in fields or other open spaces rather than using the toilets to defecate. This practice is quite rampant in India. A UN report says that India is home to the world’s largest population of people who defecate in the open.

Launching the mission, Prime Minster had nominated nine famous personalities for the campaign. They joined the campaign and nominated nine more people. Thus, the momentum has been built with people from all walks of life joining it. Eminent personalities such as Aamir Khan, Amitabh Bachchan, Kailash Kher, Priyanka Chopra and leading sportspersons like Sachin Tendulkar, Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal and Mary Kom are part of the SBM.

Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala are the three states that have been   declared Open Defecation Free (ODF). As per government data, as of December 16, over 58% of Indian households have become open defecation free.

Though the government is putting forward its best efforts, yet we have so far not received the desired result on the front of cleanliness. There is need of an attitudinal change on the part of all citizens to fulfill the mission of a clean India in its true spirit.

Make in India

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Make in India initiative on September 25, 2014, with the primary goal of making India a global manufacturing hub, by encouraging both multinational as well as domestic companies to manufacture their products within the country. Government of India launched it to gain investment in the country from foreign and India too.

The purpose of launching this campaign is to make India a destination of global manufacturing hub. It also seeks to facilitate job creation, foster innovation, enhance skill development and protect intellectual property. The logo of ‘Make in India’ – a lion made of gear wheels – itself reflects the integral role of manufacturing in government’s vision and national development. Since India is growing very fast and developing tremendously, India Need employment as well as manpower, so by looking at this, the effort made by PM and he launched Make in India campaign.

The main aim of the campaign is to make India a powerful economy which will help India to become the developed nation from the developing nation. This campaign is launched to ensure the job guarantee and the effective impact on India Economy. This will help the country to grow the Economy effectively. The campaign will help to provide employment to the youth of the Country. This will surely reduce the poverty level and other social issues of the country.

The population of the country is increasing day and night and this is creating a huge issue to the employment to the youth of the country. As the Campaign is running effectively, the youth are getting jobs in industries and other employment sectors.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is one of the most intriguing efforts of the Government of India to stamp out social disparity. It intends to provide housing of all by the year 2022. It was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25th June 2015. The mission is to construct 2 crore houses at the final stage of the scheme.

Preference will be given to female members while allotting houses under this scheme. Simply put as compared to male beneficiaries, application of female beneficiaries will be accepted more easily. This makes the scheme a pro-woman scheme. Differently abled or aged people will be given first preference while allotting ground floor houses.
A subsidy on loan interest will be granted to people from LIG and EWS segments of urban population. This would allow people to buy a house under PMAY scheme. The subsidy will range between 1 lakh and 2.30 lakh.

There is no doubt that the Government of India has taken strides in the right direction to make housing for all a reality. However, the scale of the problem requires more radical thinking on the part of the government in its bid to include the private sector and provide an enabling ecosystem to give the much needed impetus to affordable housing development in the country. Although affordable housing for all in India still has a great distance to cover; an integrated and holistic approach from the concerned stakeholders would help the country in realising the daunting challenges.

Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is a new upcoming scheme to enhance skills of youth in line with the international standards and help them getting overseas employment. Similar to Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), the new scheme will also be implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) through its training partners.

The main objective of the scheme is to train youth in a manner so that they can easily land a job outside the country. The training under the Pravasi kaushal Vikas Yojana would be provided at par with the international standards.

The training under the Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana would also include pre-departure orientation training of language and soft skills. It would be backed by the internationally recognised assessment and certification system. This scheme will help for boosting the confidence of the Indian youth who want to work out of the country of their choice for vocation.

PKVY is a skill development program aimed at the welfare, safety and security of overseas Indians especially Indian youth interested in going abroad to work. In the due course of time, PKVY will help convert Brain drain into brain gain. India will become a major supplier of skilled professionals to the entire world in the next decade and PKVY is one of the schemes to realize this vision. Fraudulent practices by consultancies to cheat youth by giving false promises about abroad opportunities will be reduced to the core. Overall, PKVY will serve as a proper channel for the disoriented Indian youth with aspirations to going abroad and work with certified skill training.


Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, had announced earlier on 15th August 2015 about a new campaign called as Start-up India Stand-up India. This campaign was launched with its complete action plan on 16th of January in 2016 by the Modi government. This is a scheme which will promote bank financing for start-ups means youths of country. It will also offer incentives to them in order to boost entrepreneurship and job creation in the country. This programme is a big step taken by the Indian government regarding development in India by encouraging entrepreneurship among youths.

According to this scheme, each of the bank branches will support at least one Dalit, Adivasi and women entrepreneur in order to easily encourage them. It will be proved very effective scheme in the development of India as it encourages and enables start-ups of the country who have strong mind and innovative ideas. This scheme will motivate and promote new comers towards business and grow their career and economy of the country.

This initiative will be proved a new dimension to the entrepreneurship and help new comers in setting up their businesses as well as make a live network of start-ups through connection. Highly skilled and multi talented youths of the country will be completely benefitted through this campaign and able to generate new jobs. This campaign is the result of commitment of Modi government to make India a developed country by 2022 with the availability of house, electricity, job and other basic needs to all.


Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is a government scheme launched by the Prime Minister of India in the month of January in 2015. This programme was launched to make some positive changes in the Indian society in status of girl child. There are many restrictions for the girl child in the Indian society which hinders the proper growth and development of the girl child. This scheme hinders the practice of female feticide, girl child insecurity, sex discrimination, etc against girl child. People’s mindset for women has been worse in the modern time than the people of 18th century”. While launching the programme prime minster said that, Indian people have common belief for girls that they are the property of someone else other than their parents. Parents think that only boys are their property as they have to look after them in the old age however girls have to go another place to care her in-laws.

Such thinking of people of 21st century about girls is really embarrassing and need to be eradicated from the people’s mind for giving the full rights of girl child from birth.

The condition of girl child was much worse in the last decades as female feticide was getting practiced to a great extent. Girl children were killed in the mother’s womb through proper detection techniques before birth. This practice was in vogue to reduce the number of girl child as well as avoid the responsibility of a girl child. Haryana was chosen as the best place to launch the scheme as Mahendragarh district in Haryana has the worst sex ratios of girl child in the country (775 girls/1000 boys).

Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana

Jan Dhan Yojana commonly known as Pradhan Mantri jan dhan yojana is an ambitious program launched by the Prime minister Mr. Narendra Modi for Financial Inclusion to ensure easy access to financial services such as banking Savings in an affordable manner. This scheme was announced on 15th August 2014.

Main motto of this scheme is to attach each and every Indian citizen to the Bank account so that every citizen can avail the benefit of various scheme or subsidized program run by Indian Government.  This scheme provides an Overdraft facility of Rs 5000 after six months and Rupay debit card with an inbuilt accident insurance cover of Rs 1 lakh and Rupay Kisan Card to the account holder. The main purpose of this scheme “Mera Khata Bhagya Vidhata” which means my account is divine. People turned out in large number towards the step of financial freedom and there was an overwhelming response by the Indian citizens. This is one of the best steps taken by the Indian government for the upliftment of the poor people.

This is a major step taken by government to provide the essential financial services to the poor citizen and attach them to the main stream of development. This scheme proves to be an iron hand in dealing with corruption, after this scheme citizen are getting their subsidy and other benefit into their account directly. This has proved as a boon for people and Indian economy as every citizen started savings and help in the development of country.

Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana – Saubhagya

With an aim to provide last mile electrical connectivity and ensure electrification of all the willing rural and urban households, the Prime Minister launched Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, also known as Saubhagya Scheme. Under the scheme, the power connection will be provided free of cost to all poor families. The funds will be provided, largely by the central government to all the states and Union Territories. It mandates the states and Union Territories to complete all household electrification by 31st of December 2018. The scheme is in line with the Government’s agenda to provide 24/7 power for all by 2019.

According to Policy makers, every scheme has a package of offering certain benefits. Saubhagya Scheme also offers following benefits:

  • Better health services
  • Improvement education services
  • Increased economic activities and jobs
  • Improved quality of life especially for women
  • Enhanced connectivity through radio, television, mobiles, etc
  • Environmental up gradation by substitution of Kerosene for lighting purposes

Providing electricity remains one among the major problem of Indian Government. There have been constant efforts by different governments to solve this problem. Though, there have been constant schemes for gaining the same result and all of them provided a partial improvement, yet one cannot leave the problem and stay idle. The problem is not that the schemes have failed. The reality is multi dimensional, and there are enormous amount of things to improve. Center has fixed a deadline to complete the target, yet affordability remains a challenge.

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