Despite the most stringent penal provisions in the law against manual scavenging, it continues in parts of India…. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.
Courtesy: The Hindu
- manual scavenging (noun) – it is a caste-based occupation involving the removal of untreated human excreta (stools) from bucket toilets or pit latrines, that has been officially abolished by law in India as a dehumanizing practice (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
- stringent (adjective) – strict, precise, firm/rigid.
- provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement/condition.
- enforcement (noun) – imposition, implementation, execution.
- in the wake of (phrase) – aftermath, as a consequence of, as a result of.
- malaise (noun) – illness, disease.
- rehabilitation (noun) – the action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal, healthy condition after an illness, injury, drug problem, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
- insanitary (adjective) – unhygienic, unclean, germ-ridden.
- excreta (noun) – waste matter (faeces and urine); stools, droppings.
- indifference (noun) – lack of concern/interest, apathy, disregard, carelessness.
- prejudice (noun) – partiality, intolerance, discrimination.
- persist (verb) – continue, remain, be prolonged.
- obligation (noun) – duty, commitment, responsibility.
- sanitation (noun) – it generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and faeces (Courtesy: WHO).
- substantial (adjective) – sizeable/significant, large, ample.
- incongruous (adjective) – inappropriate, unsuitable; contrasting.
- scourge (noun) – affliction, bane, burden.
- impede (verb) – hinder, obstruct, hamper.
- conservative (adjective) – traditionalist, conventional, orthodox/old-fashioned.
- pernicious (adjective) – harmful, damaging, destructive.
- entrenched (adjective) – fixed, inflexible, instilled (habit, belief & attitude).
- stigmatised (adjective) – discredited, dishonoured, disparaged.
- empowerment (noun) – accreditation, authorization, validation.
- humiliating (adjective) – embarrassing; awkward, shameful.