English Vocabulary from “The Hindu News Paper” – 19th July 2017

Get real on Swachh – The Hindu (Jul 19, 2017)

Get real on Swachh – The Hindu (Jul 19, 2017)

Despite the most stringent penal provisions in the law against manual scavenging, it continues in parts of India….  For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1

  1. manual scavenging (noun) – it is a caste-based occupation involving the removal of untreated human excreta (stools) from bucket toilets or pit latrines, that has been officially abolished by law in India as a dehumanizing practice (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
  2. stringent (adjective) – strict, precise, firm/rigid.
  3. provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement/condition.
  4. enforcement (noun) – imposition, implementation, execution.
  5. in the wake of (phrase) – aftermath, as a consequence of, as a result of.
  6. malaise (noun) – illness, disease.
  7. rehabilitation (noun) – the action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal, healthy condition after an illness, injury, drug problem, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  8. insanitary (adjective) – unhygienic, unclean, germ-ridden.
  9. excreta (noun) – waste matter (faeces and urine); stools, droppings.
  10. indifference (noun) – lack of concern/interest, apathy, disregard, carelessness.
  11. prejudice (noun) – partiality, intolerance, discrimination.
  12. persist (verb) – continue, remain, be prolonged.
  13. obligation (noun) – duty, commitment, responsibility.
  14. sanitation (noun) – it generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the  safe disposal of human urine and faeces (Courtesy: WHO).
  15. substantial (adjective) – sizeable/significant, large, ample.
  16. incongruous (adjective) – inappropriate, unsuitable; contrasting.
  17. scourge (noun) – affliction, bane, burden.
  18. impede (verb) – hinder, obstruct, hamper.
  19. conservative (adjective) – traditionalist, conventional, orthodox/old-fashioned.
  20. pernicious (adjective) –  harmful, damaging, destructive.
  21. entrenched (adjective) – fixed, inflexible, instilled (habit, belief & attitude).
  22. stigmatised (adjective) – discredited, dishonoured, disparaged.
  23. empowerment (noun) – accreditation, authorization, validation.
  24. humiliating (adjective) – embarrassing; awkward, shameful.

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