We are sharing English Grammar Notes for SSC and IBPS Examination
A word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb, or other adverb, expressing manner, place, time, or degree (e.g. gently, here, now, very ). Some adverbs, for example sentence adverbs, can also be used to modify whole sentences.
Adverb modifies verb by giving us the following information.
How the action occurs
Where the action occurs
How many times action occur
At which time the action occurs
Intensity of action
Adverbs are categorized on the basis of it information it gives, into the following categories.
Adverbs of manner
Adverb of place
Adverb of time
Adverb of frequency
TYPES OF ADVERBS
Adverbs of Manner
These adverbs tell us that in which manner the action occurs or how the action occurs or occurred or will occur.
You replied correctly.
They solved the problem easily.
Listen to me carefully.
Adverb of Place.
Adverb of place tells us about the place of action or where action occurs/occurred/will occur.
e.g. here, there, near, somewhere, outside, ahead, on the top, at some place.
He will come here.
The children are playing outside.
He was standing near the wall.
Adverb of time
These adverbs tell us about the time of action. e.g. now, then, soon, tomorrow, yesterday, today, tonight, again, early, yesterday.
I will buy a computer tomorrow.
The guest came yesterday.
Do it now.
Adverb of frequency
Adverbs of frequency tell us how many times the action occurs or occurred or will occur.
e.g. daily, sometimes, often, seldom, usually, frequently, always, ever, generally, rarely, monthly, yearly.
He goes to school daily.
She never smokes.
Barking dogs seldom bite.
The employees are paid monthly.
Rule 1 : The adverbs ‘too much’ is used with nouns and ‘much too’ is used with adjectives.For eg-
- His failure is too much painful for me☓
- His failure is much too painful for me ✔
Rule 2 : Before the word ‘Enough’ an adjective under positive form should be used.
- He is more intelligent enough to follow you.☓
- He is intelligent enough to follow you.✔
Rule 3 : The adverb quite (‘quite means perfectly/ completely) should not be used with the adjective ‘Handsome’.
- He is quite garrulous.☓
- He is very garrulous.✔
Rule 4 : Late / Lately. The adverb ‘late’ indicates time and lately means recently.
- He was punished for coming lately.☓
- He was punished for coming late. ✔
Rule 5 : When we begin a sentence with ‘seldom / never / hardly / rarely / scarcely / barely / neither / never, the rule of inversion should be applied (i.e.,) an auxiliary verb is used before the subject.
- Hardly he goes to school.☓
- Hardly does he go to school.✔
Rule 6 : The adverbial phrase ‘No less than’ should be used with uncountable nouns whereas ‘No fewer than’ is used with countable nouns.
- There were no less than tenstudents who failed in the test.☓
- No fewer than tenstudentsfailed in the test.✔
Rule 7 : The derived adjectives such as interested / pleased / satisfied / delighted are used with ‘much’ but not ‘very’.
- I am very interested to play cricket.☓
- I am much interested to play cricket.✔
Rule 8 : The adverb ‘very’ is used with positive adjectives and ‘much’ with comparative adjective forms.
- He is very clever to understand it.✔
- He is much clever to understand it.☓
Rule 9 : ‘Very much’ should be used with comparative forms.
- It is very much better to stay here tonight.✔