Conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses or sentences. e.g. and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, although, because, since, unless, when, while, where are some conjunctions.
I waited for him but he didn’t come.
You will be ill unless you quit smoking.
We didn’t go to the market because it was raining outside.
Single word Conjunction: Conjunction having one word
e.g. and, but, yet, because etc.
Compound Conjunction: Conjunction having two or more words
e.g. as long as, as far as, as well as, in order that, even if, so that etc
TYPES OF CONJUNCTIONS
Conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses or sentences. e.g. and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, although, because, since, unless, when, while, where etc.
There are three types of conjunctions
- Coordinating Conjunction
- Subordinate Conjunction
- Correlative Conjunction
Rule 1 : The co-relative conjunctions are used in pairs.
- Not only – but also
- Either – or
- Neither – nor
- Both – and
- Though – yet
- Whether – or
- They will either do the work else return the money.☓
- They will either do the work or return the money.✔
Rule 2 : After the adverbs “Hardly / Scarcely”, the conjunction ‘when or before’ should be used.
- Hardly had he left the place than the Bomb exploded.☓
- Hardly had he left the place when the Bomb exploded.✔
Rule 3 : After ‘Rather / Other, the subordinating conjunction ‘Than should be used.
- He has no other object but to get a handsome job.☓
- He has no other object than to get a handsome job.✔
Rule 4 : The connecting word ‘that’ is used with the adjective phrase ‘the same/the only/superlative adjectives/all
- This is the same dress which I wanted.☓
- This is the same dress that I wanted.✔
Rule 5 : The conjunction ‘or’ is used with not / never.
- I have never spoken to him nor written to him.☓
- I have never spoken to him or written to him.✔
Rule 6 : With the word ‘such’ the connective ‘that’ may be used.
- This is such a lovely book what I have never read before.☓
- This is such a lovely book that I have never read before.✔
Rule 7 :
> Unless – Denotes Condition
- You will not succeed until you work hard.☓
- You will not succeed unless you work hard.✔
- I want to stay here unless she comes to see me.☓
- I want to stay here until she comes to see me.✔
Rule 8 : After the connective ‘because’ the words ‘ so / therefore / as’ are not used.
- Because he came late so he failed to see her.☓
- Because he came late, he fail to see her.✔
Rule 9 : The adverb ‘Not’ should not be used with the connective ‘Till/unless/lest/until’ in that clause.
- Until he does not solve this problem, I will stay with him.☓
- Until he solves this problem, I will stay with him.✔
Rule 10 : When ‘since’ is used as a conjunction should be preceded by present perfect tense and followed by a verb in the past tense to denote point of time.
- Many things have happened since I have left the school.☓
- Many things have happened since I left the school.✔
Rule 11 : With the conjunction ‘if’ ‘then’ should not be used.
- If you work for 8 hours a day, then you will get through the examination.☓
- If you work for 8 hours a day, you will get through the examination.✔
Rule 12 : When two objects are joined by ‘as well/besides/along with /together with / in addition to / except / including with, the verb agrees with the first subject in number.
- He as well as his students have gone there.☓
- He as well as his students has gone there.✔