English Grammar Notes Part -6( CONJUNCTION)

 CONJUNCTION

INTRODUCTION

Conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses or sentences. e.g.  and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, although, because, since, unless, when, while, where are some conjunctions.

Examples.

I waited for him but he didn’t come.

You will be ill unless you quit smoking.

We didn’t go to the market because it was raining outside.

Single word Conjunction: Conjunction having one word

e.g. and, but, yet, because etc.

Compound Conjunction: Conjunction having two or more words

e.g. as long as, as far as, as well as, in order that, even if, so that etc

 

TYPES OF CONJUNCTIONS

Conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses or sentences. e.g.  and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, although, because, since, unless, when, while, where etc.

There are three types of conjunctions

  • Coordinating Conjunction
  • Subordinate Conjunction
  • Correlative Conjunction

RULES

Rule 1 : The co-relative conjunctions are used in pairs.

  1. Not only – but also
  2. Either – or
  3. Neither – nor
  4. Both – and
  5. Though – yet
  6. Whether – or

EXAMPLE:

 

  • They will either do the work else return the money.
  • They will either do the work or return the money.✔

 

Rule 2 : After the adverbs “Hardly / Scarcely”, the conjunction ‘when or before’ should be used.

 

  • Hardly had he left the place than the Bomb exploded.
  • Hardly had he left the place when the Bomb exploded.✔

 

Rule 3 : After ‘Rather / Other, the subordinating conjunction ‘Than should be used.

 

  • He has no other object but to get a handsome job.
  • He has no other object than to get a handsome job.✔

 

Rule 4 : The connecting word ‘that’ is used with the adjective phrase ‘the same/the only/superlative adjectives/all

 

  • This is the same dress which I wanted.
  • This is the same dress that I wanted.✔

 

Rule 5 : The conjunction ‘or’ is used with not / never.

 

  • I have never spoken to him nor written to him.
  • I have never spoken to him or written to him.✔

 

Rule 6 : With the word ‘such’ the connective ‘that’ may be used.

 

  • This is such a lovely book what I have never read before.
  • This is such a lovely book that I have never read before.✔

 

Rule 7 : 


> Unless – Denotes Condition

Until-denotestime

 

  • You will not succeed until you work hard.
  • You will not succeed unless you work hard.✔
  • I want to stay here unless she comes to see me.
  • I want to stay here until she comes to see me.✔

 

Rule 8 : After the connective ‘because’ the words ‘ so / therefore / as’ are not used.

 

  • Because he came late so he failed to see her.
  • Because he came late, he fail to see her.✔

 

Rule 9 : The adverb ‘Not’ should not be used with the connective ‘Till/unless/lest/until’ in that clause.

 

  • Until he does not solve this problem, I will stay with him.
  • Until he solves this problem, I will stay with him.✔

 

Rule 10 : When ‘since’ is used as a conjunction should be preceded by present perfect tense and followed by a verb in the past tense to denote point of time.

 

  • Many things have happened since I have left the school.
  • Many things have happened since I left the school.✔

 

Rule 11 : With the conjunction ‘if’ ‘then’ should not be used.

 

  • If you work for 8 hours a day, then you will get through the examination.
  • If you work for 8 hours a day, you will get through the examination.✔

 

Rule 12 : When two objects are joined by ‘as well/besides/along with /together with / in addition to / except / including with, the verb agrees with the first subject in number.

 

  • He as well as his students have gone there.
  • He as well as his students has gone there.✔

 

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