Dear Friends,
In this section we will guide you how to prepare for Vocabuary Section as it contains 35-40 question out of 200.In this section you can you can attempt with 100% accuracy.

let’s see how one can master vocabulary. From the examination point of view, this section consists of the following parts:
1)     Meanings (synonyms as well as antonyms)
2)     One word substitution
3)     Idioms
4)     Prepositions &
5)     Phrasal verbs
The above order also reflects the sequence in which order they should be prepared
A.     How to “learn” meanings?
Well, to begin I would suggest that candidates should go for Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis.

It is advisable to prepare your own charts/notes/mind maps from each chapter of this book.
The wordlist given in this book is not sufficient; however, it teaches the correct way to learn meanings i.e. through their roots-their origins. Learning words this way helps reduce the burden of words which students face while memorising the meanings. Words will no longer seem formidable enemies, rather they will appear as friends.
   Example : if one knows that “ambulo” = “walk”, then the meanings of the words amble (= walk aimlessly), ambulatory (= a patient well enough to walk around), preamble [pre (= before) + ambulo = something that walks before] becomes self-evident.
Thus, in nutshell what you gain by reading the above book is that your mind will develop a whole new pattern of remembering words. Once you master the method, you don’t need to remain restricted to the words mentioned in that book. Rather, you will develop and intuitive power to pick out or sense the hidden roots in order to arrive at meanings of the words in front of you.

You can also memorize Barron Word list or read word meaning from any book as SP Bakshi or any other book.Hindi medium students can also follow Rukmadi book or Dilip Kushwaha
B.     How to “gather” words?
Till now, we learnt “how to remember” words. Now the next step is to “gather” words. How do we do this? There are two steps of gathering words easily:
Step 1: read 1 English newspaper daily (either of Hindu or Indian express is preferable). In the beginning, it is advisable to read only Editorial page as reading the whole newspaper might become very time consuming.
Step 2: listen to AIR news @ 9 pm daily (especially the discussions that follow after the news).
There are two benefits of this particular step of “gathering” words. It will not only enrich your vocabulary, but will also help you to prepare current affairs section which is where it troublesome to prepare at the last moment. However, “gathering” words alone is not sufficient. Along with it, candidates must do the following 3 steps on daily basis:
a)      Note down the difficult words (which will be different for each candidate) in a separate notebook which may be arranged in alphabetical order.
b)      Find the meanings of those words
c)      Revise the meanings of those words before you go to sleep

C.      How to “find meanings”?
Offline Resources
You can buy any dictionary as Oxford or Cambridge or any other one.
Online Resource
you can find meanings by google or online dictionaries or on pc/android phones softwares

D.     How to prepare “one word substitution”?
Honestly, about 65%-70% of “one word substitutions” automatically get prepared while preparing the “meanings”. However, for reaching the 100% mark,You can choose any book for preparing one word substitution as Arihant,Kiran orSP Bakshi.Try to cover more of these books if possible.

E.      How to prepare “Idioms”?
For preparing idioms  SP Bakshi and Kiran is best and try to cover all previous year questions from Kiran or any other books).Even by applying a little common sense, one can easily eliminate at least two of the four options.

However, it is to be noted that candidates must prepare idioms on a daily basis i.e. they should spare at least 15-20 minutes and prepare about 10 idioms daily. In this way, SSC 2014 Mains aspirants will be able to memorise more than 600-700 idioms before their main’s exam. And SSC 2015 aspirants would have become masters of idioms even before their notification is published.

Interestingly, idioms with identical words can be grouped and learned together. In fact this is how idioms are usually arranged in the books available in the market. A suggestion would be to make a simple line diagram consisting of all the idioms containing an identical word. For instance, a simple line diagram can be developed to club together the three idioms as shown underneath:

· under a cloud = in disgrace
· on cloud nine = extremely happy
· every cloud has a silver lining = every difficult situation has a positive side

F.      How to prepare “Prepositions”?

The list of prepositions can be gathered from RS agrawal,Kiran,SP Bakshi,A Mirror of Common Errors” by Dr Ashok Kumar Singh or Hari Mohan Prasad (Tata McGraw Hill publications)    Source 1: “Common Errors in English” by Kiran publications 

However, the list of prepositions is quite frightening. Hence I would suggest “grouping the like-meaning words” together while memorising prepositions. This can be done as shown underneath:
Prepositions used with words meaning “power/authority”
·        influence over/with somebody
·        authority over somebody
·        authority on a subject
·        Power over somebody
·        rule over somebody/something

 G.How to prepare “Phrasal verbs”?
You can choose any book for preparing phrases as RS agrawal,Kiran,SP Bakshi.For preparing for SSC exams one must prepare phrasal verbs on a daily basis i.e. they should spare at least 15-20 minutes and prepare about 10 phrasal verbs daily. In this way, SSC 2014 Mains aspirants will be able to memorise more than 600-700 phrasal verbs before their main’s exam. And SSC 2015 aspirants would have become masters of phrasal verbs even before their notification is published.

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